Hypofucosylation of Unc5b regulated by Fut8 enhances macrophage emigration and prevents atherosclerosis
作者全名："Yang, Xi; Ma, Limei; Zhang, Jun; Chen, Linmu; Zou, Zhen; Shen, Di; He, Hui; Zhang, Lei; Chen, Jun; Yuan, Zhiyi; Qin, Xia; Yu, Chao"
作者地址："[Yang, Xi; Zhang, Jun; Chen, Linmu; Zou, Zhen; Shen, Di; He, Hui] Chongqing Med Univ, Inst Life Sci, Chongqing 400016, Peoples R China; [Yang, Xi] Inner Mongolia Med Univ, Coll Basic Med, Hohhot 010110, Peoples R China; [Ma, Limei; Zhang, Lei; Chen, Jun; Yuan, Zhiyi; Qin, Xia; Yu, Chao] Chongqing Med Univ, Coll Pharm, Chongqing 400016, Peoples R China"
通信作者："Yu, C (通讯作者)，Chongqing Med Univ, Coll Pharm, Chongqing 400016, Peoples R China."
来源：CELL AND BIOSCIENCE
ESI学科分类：BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY
关键词：Unc5b; Fut8; Fucosylation; Macrophages; Atherosclerosis
摘要："BackgroundAtherosclerosis (AS) is the leading underlying cause of the majority of clinical cardiovascular events. Retention of foamy macrophages in plaques is the main factor initiating and promoting the atherosclerotic process. Our previous work showed that ox-LDL induced macrophage retention in plaques and that the guidance receptor Uncoordinated-5 homolog B (Unc5b) was involved in this process. However, little is known about the role of Unc5b in regulating macrophage accumulation within plaques.ResultsIn the present study, we found that Unc5b controls macrophage migration and thus promotes plaque progression in ApoE(-/-) mice. The immunofluorescence colocalization assay results first suggested that fucosyltransferase 8 (Fut8) might participate in the exacerbation of atherosclerosis. Animals with Unc5b overexpression showed elevated levels of Fut8 and numbers of macrophages and an increased lesion size and intimal thickness. However, these effects were reversed in ApoE(-/-) mice with Unc5b knockdown. Furthermore, Raw264.7 macrophages with siRNA-mediated silencing of Unc5b or overexpression of Unc5b were used to confirm the regulatory mechanisms of Unc5b and Fut8 in vitro. In response to ox-LDL exposure, Unc5b and Fut8 were both upregulated, and macrophages showed reduced pseudopod formation and migratory capacities. However, these capacities were restored by blocking Unc5b or Fut8. Furthermore, the IP assay indicated that Fut8 regulated the level of alpha-1,6 fucosylation of Unc5b, which mainly occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and genetic deletion of the main fucosylation sites or Fut8 resulted in hypofucosylation of Unc5b. Moreover, the macrophage migration mediated by Unc5b depended on inactivation of the p-CDC42/p-PAK pathway. Conversely, macrophages with Unc5b overexpression displayed activation of the p-CDC42/p-PAK pathway and decreased migration both in vivo and in vitro.ConclusionThese results demonstrated that hypofucosylation of Unc5b regulated by Fut8 is positively associated with the delay of the atherosclerotic process by promoting the migration of foamy macrophages. These findings identify a promising therapeutic target for atherosclerosis."