Cortisol dysregulation in anxiety infertile women and the influence on IVF treatment outcome

作者全名:"Chai, Yujuan; Li, Qihang; Wang, Yang; Niu, Ben; Chen, Huijia; Fan, Tingxuan; Ke, Xiatong; Zou, Heng"

作者地址:"[Chai, Yujuan; Li, Qihang] Shenzhen Univ, Sch Med, Dept Biomed Engn, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Wang, Yang; Niu, Ben] Shenzhen Univ, Dept Management, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Chen, Huijia; Zou, Heng] Chongqing Med Univ, Affiliated Hosp 2, Reprod Med Ctr, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Chongqing, Peoples R China; [Fan, Tingxuan] Shenzhen Univ, Greater Bay Area Int Inst Innovat, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Ke, Xiatong] Shenzhen Hlth Dev Res & Data Management Ctr, Res Dept 3, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Peoples R China"

通信作者:"Zou, H (通讯作者),Chongqing Med Univ, Affiliated Hosp 2, Reprod Med Ctr, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Chongqing, Peoples R China."












关键词:cortisol; anxiety; point-of-care testing; infertility; IVF outcome

摘要:"IntroductionDysregulation of the stress-regulatory hormone cortisol is associated with anxiety, but its potential impact on infertile women and in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment remains unclear. This prospective cross-sectional study aimed at evaluating the dysregulation of cortisol and its correlation to anxiety in infertile women. The influence of stress on IVF outcomes was also investigated. MethodsA point-of-care test was used for the measurement of morning serum cortisol in 110 infertile women and 112 age-matching healthy individuals. A Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) was used for the anxiety assessment of infertile women, and 109 of them underwent IVF treatment starting with the GnRH-antagonist protocol. If clinical pregnancy was not achieved, more IVF cycles were conducted with adjusted protocols until the patients got pregnant or gave up. ResultsHigher morning serum cortisol level was identified for infertile patients, especially for the elder. Women with no anxiety showed significant differences in cortisol levels, monthly income, and BMI compared with those with severe anxiety. A strong correlation was found between the morning cortisol level and the SAS score. When the cutoff value is 22.25 & mu;g/dL, cortisol concentration could predict the onset of anxiety with high accuracy (95.45%) among infertile women. After IVF treatments, women with high SAS scores (>50) or cortisol levels (>22.25 & mu;g/dL) demonstrated a lower rate of pregnancy (8.0%-10.3%) and more IVF cycles, although the impact of anxiety was not affirmative. ConclusionHypersecretion of cortisol related to anxiety was prevalent among infertile women, but the influence of anxiety on multi-cycle IVF treatment was not affirmative due to the complicated treatment procedures. This study suggested that the assessment of psychological disorders and stress hormone dysregulation should not be overlooked. An anxiety questionnaire and rapid cortisol test might be included in the treatment protocol to provide better medical care."