Multi-omics reveal mechanisms underlying chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) pathogenesis using zebrafish

作者全名:"Wei, Xing-Yi; Jia, Pan-Pan; Hu, Huan; Liu, Li; Li, Tian-Yun; Li, Yong-Zhi; Pei, De-Sheng"

作者地址:"[Wei, Xing-Yi; Hu, Huan] Chongqing Jiaotong Univ, Sch River & Ocean Engn, Key Lab Hydraul Waterway Engn, Minist Educ, Chongqing 400074, Peoples R China; [Wei, Xing-Yi; Hu, Huan; Liu, Li; Li, Tian-Yun; Li, Yong-Zhi] Chinese Acad Sci, Chongqing Sch, Chongqing Inst Green & Intelligent Technol, Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Chongqing 400714, Peoples R China; [Jia, Pan-Pan; Pei, De-Sheng] Chongqing Med Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Chongqing 400016, Peoples R China"

通信作者:"Pei, DS (通讯作者),Chongqing Med Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Chongqing 400016, Peoples R China."












关键词:Biomarker; Chronic kidney disease (CKD); Metabolism pathway; Multi-omics; Zebrafish

摘要:"Chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) is an endemic disease in the dry zone of farming communities, Sri Lanka. The drinking water in a CKDu prevalent area contains a high concentration of F-, hardness and other environmental pollutants, including heavy metals and microcystin, which are considered possible etiology of CKDu in these areas. Here, multi-omics data with host transcriptome, metabolome and gut microbiomes were obtained using simulated local drinking water of Sri Lanka after their exposure to adult zebrafish. Based on an integrated multi-omics analysis in the context of host physiology in the kidney injury samples with different pathologic grades, two common pathways necroptosis and purine metabolism were identified as potentially important pathways that affect kidney injury. The key metabolite acetyl adenylate in the purine metabolism pathway was significantly positively correlated with Comamonas (rho = 0.72) and significantly negatively correlated with Plesiomonas (rho = -0.58). This crucial metabolite and two key gut bacteria genera may not only be potential markers but also potential therapeutic targets in the uric acid metabolic pathway, which is an important factor in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury (AKI) in general, as well as of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Based on this, we revealed the urea metabolism pathway of kidney injury in zebrafish and provided a new avenue for the treatment of CKDu in Sri Lanka."