Identification of S100A8 as a common diagnostic biomarkers and exploring potential pathogenesis for osteoarthritis and metabolic syndrome

作者全名:"Huang, Xu; Liu, Jiacheng; Huang, Wei"

作者地址:"[Huang, Xu] Chongqing Med Univ, Dept Crit Care Med, Affiliated Hosp 1, Chongqing, Peoples R China; [Liu, Jiacheng; Huang, Wei] Chongqing Med Univ, Affiliated Hosp 1, Dept Orthoped, Orthoped Lab, Chongqing, Peoples R China"

通信作者:"Huang, W (通讯作者),Chongqing Med Univ, Affiliated Hosp 1, Dept Orthoped, Orthoped Lab, Chongqing, Peoples R China."












关键词:osteoarthritis; metabolic syndrome; diagnostic biomarker; GEO

摘要:"BackgroundOsteoarthritis (OA) is the most frequent musculoskeletal disease and the major contributor to disability worldwide. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been recognized as being associated with the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. However, the exact mechanisms and links between the two are not clear. MethodsWe downloaded clinical information data and gene expression profiles for OA and MetS from the database of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), and immune related gene (IRG) from the database of Immunology Database and Analysis Portal (IMMPORT). After screening OA-DEG and MetS-DEG, we identified the common immune hub gene by screening the overlapping genes between OA-DEG, MetS-DEG and IRG. Then we conducted single-gene analysis of S100A8, assessed the correlation of S100A8 with immune cell infiltration, and verified the diagnostic value of S100A8 in OA and MetS database respectively. Results323 OA-DEGs,101 MetS-DEGs and an immune-related hub gene, S100A8, were identified. In single gene analysis of S100A8 in OA samples, GSEA suggested that immune-related biological processes were more significantly enriched. The results of immune cell infiltration analysis showed that the enrichment fraction of M2 macrophages was significantly higher in the high S100A8-expressing group, and the level of S100A8 expression was positively correlated with M2 macrophage infiltration. The results of the dataset validation showed that S100A8 expression levels were significantly upregulated in the OA group and performed well in the diagnosis of OA. In single gene analysis of S100A8 in MetS samples, immune cell infiltration analysis showed that monocyte infiltration was higher in the S100A8 high expression samples and that there was a positive correlation between the two. Dataset validation showed that S100A8 is of high value for the diagnosis of MetS. In the validation of the dataset for the four metabolism-related diseases (obesity, diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia), S100A8 was expressed at higher levels in the disease group and also had a higher diagnostic value for the four metabolism-related diseases. ConclusionS100A8 is a common hub gene and diagnostic biomarker for OA and MetS, and the immune regulation involved in S100A8 may play a central role in the pathogenesis of OA and MetS."